What competitive advantage, upgrading the industrial structure can be achieved, how innovation-driven future prospects and other issues become the focus of discussion and concern of the outside world. Britain many economists accept the "Economic Daily" reporters, said that to accurately feel the pulse of the future development of China's manufacturing industry, the need to improve in recent years, China's manufacturing microscopic internal environment for the development and optimization.
Recently, the analysis of the competitive advantage of China's manufacturing industry is often linked with the labor supply that the Chinese coastal labor supply shortages and rising prices will erode their current cost advantages. However, sustainable development and economics professor at China University of Nottingham Shujie Yao believes that infrastructure construction in recent years, China's rapid progress successfully activated the Midwest long been underestimated and idle land, labor, and other natural endowments, which will be manufactured in China to support the future an important source of advantage industry. Professor Ulrich Fritz, University of London also believes that the development and improvement of China's transportation infrastructure so that future manufacturing enterprises to fully enjoy the advantages of central and western regions of labor resources and land. The views of the experts and the Economist Intelligence Unit by the end of 2014 a similar report on Chinese manufacturing labor cost advantage of view. EIU report says that by 2020, despite China's manufacturing labor costs will continue to rise, but in the central and western provinces of the labor market impact of China's manufacturing industry in developed countries and some international respect to emerging economies will remain very strong competitive edge.
At present, the development trend of China's manufacturing is not simply comparative advantages of industrial clusters under the guidance of the transfer, but the existing industry upgrade. Shujie Yao said China's overall industrial technology, efficiency and environmental protection capability has made great progress. Compared to the previous development of coastal development Midwest manufacturing industry in terms of production technology, business management, industrial layout has also been a significant change and improvement. Thin SOAS Professor Wang believes that the current development of Chinese manufacturing enterprises not only showing a model of development according to local conditions, but also show a significant industry cluster effect, which has a very important significance for enhancing the competitiveness of manufacturing enterprises.
Experts interviewed agreed that China's manufacturing industry to upgrade the structure of the future lies in the creation of innovative drive mode. National Economic and Social Research Institute, the British official think-tank and Jonathan Boaters believes that the international financial crisis, developed economies generally began to attach importance to the development of high-end manufacturing. The future, China's manufacturing sector, especially in the eastern part of the process of shifting face fierce competition in the industry along the chain. To foothold in the fierce competition for true innovation drive is the best choice. Long-term attention to China's innovation capacity-building Professor Xiaolan Fu, director of Development Research Center of Technology and Management at Oxford University said the Chinese government has been highly concerned about the construction of enterprise innovation capacity in the field of long-term research and development and education to maintain the high level of expenditure. The current "Made in China 2025" quick introduction and details of proposed strategic approach more directly reflects the government to enhance the innovative capability of the manufacturing sector's determination and confidence.
On the future of Chinese manufacturing innovation-driven development, Xiaolan Fu believes that the current Chinese manufacturing enterprises in independent innovation internal and external environment than in the past has been significantly improved, but also evident in the government innovation incentives. At present, promote innovation and development, it has been out of the past government and market positioning "dichotomy" in. The Government stressed the important role of the market in resource allocation at the same time, give full play to its role in the area of the front end of innovation and personnel training. In terms of incentives, innovation and talent management assessment mechanism and innovative resource allocation mechanisms have also been set up and a clearer framework for science. The future, the government in maintaining basic education and investment in the front end of innovation can also combing through the improvement and innovation policy framework details, promote international cooperation, strengthen scientific research, innovation and learning ways to enhance the capacity and effectiveness of China's manufacturing enterprise innovation and development.
The Royal Academy of Engineering Professor Lin Jianguo focus on "going out" strategy for the leading role of innovation and development of enterprises. Lin Jianguo said the leading manufacturing enterprises, almost no one is "behind closed doors" through scientific cooperation, etc. extensively absorb advanced technology countries, is the only way a world-class manufacturing enterprise development. Now, more and more Chinese manufacturing enterprises began to "go out", the fierce international competition is bound to facilitate their increased investment in research and innovation; at the same time, Chinese manufacturing enterprises have begun to attach importance to cooperation with overseas research institutes, and more for the full and in-depth research and innovation cooperation will help China's manufacturing enterprises to enhance their core competitive advantage.
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